Click on the alphabetic index to display terms beginning with the corresponding letter or search for a term below.

Vacuum Oxygen Decarburisation (VOD)

A refinement of stainless steel that reduces carbon content. Molten, unrefined steel is heated and stirred by an electrical current while oxygen enters from the top. Many undesirable gases escape from the steel and are evacuated by a vacuum pump. Alloys and other additives are then mixed in to refine the molten steel further.

Vanadium (V)

A grey metal that is normally used as an alloying agent for iron and steel. It is also used as a strengthener of titanium-based alloys.

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